Two Contrasting Views of Educational Technology

I’d similar to portion a brace of videos amongst yous that I convey used of late inwards the courses I teach. I notice these videos peculiarly interesting because they present such contrasting approaches to learning together with inwards detail – for desire of a improve intelligence – elearning.

This origin i is from the early on 1950’s together with is nigh something called a ‘teaching machine’ which was created past times behavioural psychologist B F Skinner.


As yous come across Skinner’s teaching machines, though non precisely iPads do expect remarkably like  what nosotros would recognise equally computers. What’s likewise remarkable is the claims that he makes for them together with the reasons why he believes they are effective are remarkably similar to those made past times many producers of learning together with especially linguistic communication learning software today.

However, despite the extremely logical reasoning that Skinner expounds I’m certain if yous were invited to sit down downward together with occupation i of these machines for a current of fourth dimension it wouldn’t fit your involvement for really long together with similar me yous likely sentinel those difficult working children amongst a feel of pity.

Of course of written report it’s slow to expect at videos similar this amongst the wages of hindsight together with amongst a shinny iPad sitting unopen past times together with wonder at how they could always convey believed these machines would live effective, but if nosotros expect closely at quite a lot of elearning beingness produced these days, it isn’t long earlier nosotros realise how similar inwards many ways it is to the form of learning materials used on Skinner’s teaching machines. Gapfills, Multiple Choice Questions, True faux Questions, etc. but amongst some multimedia rolled inwards even thus appear to live the mainstay of much estimator based instruction together with fifty-fifty mobile apps, thus I’m non surprised to notice that many of the teachers who come upwardly onto the courses I learn desire to know how to occupation together with create these kinds of materials together with to live honest I tin come across that they do convey their place, but I intend nosotros should live aiming to do thus much to a greater extent than than that amongst the materials nosotros produce.

Here’s the contrasting video that I similar to use.


This clearly shows a completely dissimilar approach to the occupation of technology scientific discipline together with for me a much to a greater extent than powerful one. It shifts the purpose of the estimator from beingness a storage identify for predefined information together with transforms it into a conduit past times which cognition is shared together with constructed through the interaction betwixt people. I intend this expression of estimator based learning is the i that most critics of educational technology scientific discipline most oftentimes neglect to see, unfortunately it’s likewise this expression together with purpose of the estimator that is most oftentimes feared together with blocked past times educational institutions to a greater extent than or less the globe, together with ironically enough, past times governments wishing to suppress the rights of their citizens.

These videos together with the methods of teaching demonstrated inside them likewise highlight another of import points.

In the origin video cognition is clearly seen equally residing inwards the materials of the institution. The students convey no business office inwards the creation of the content nor do they convey the guide chances to inquiry the validity together with accuracy of the content together with the purpose of the students is but to larn together with recollect the content.

They sit down inwards rows obediently working difficult amongst no communication betwixt them together with no give-and-take sharing or collaboration of what they learning.

The instant of the videos is almost the contrary of this. The classroom together with fifty-fifty the schoolhouse has acquire almost unnecessary. The pupil creates together with negotiates cognition through interaction amongst multiple sources of information together with using multiple channels of communication. The pupil acts independently together with industrial plant autonomously much of the time.

In a fourth dimension when critical thinking, inventiveness together with the mightiness to evaluate together with create out information convey acquire thus important, it’s clear to come across which form of pupil nosotros should live creating inside our schools together with the agency nosotros pattern together with apply out learning tasks together with materials volition live a fundamental element inwards this.

It’s truthful that the pupil inwards the instant video isn’t a linguistic communication student, together with developing linguistic mightiness is nigh to a greater extent than than finding together with applying knowledge, it likewise has to do amongst skills together with the practise together with evolution of those skills, but what improve agency to do this than from the kinds of authentic network edifice together with cognition edifice tasks that tin assistance our students acquire life long learners of far to a greater extent than than language?

The lastly affair that strikes me nigh these 2 videos is how they reverberate the kinds of societies that the organization of teaching seeks to create. For me the origin is a monastic nation of obedient unquestioning worker drones beingness spoon fed information that volition enable them to fulfil their predefined roles. The instant is a monastic nation inwards which individuals are encouraged to think, deed together with explore, to inquiry together with to create. I know which I would prefer to alive in.

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Nik Peachey